Bougainvillea Plant – Versatile Outdoor Color
The Bougainvillea plant is known for its colorful flower bracts and
quick growth rate.
These evergreen climbers can be grown in containers, hanging baskets,
or above-ground planters.
can be trained as a shrub, or strategically planted to decorate a
fence, pergola, or arbor. Smaller species can be used as ground cover.
colorful flower bracts of the bougainvillea plant bloom in various
shades of purple, red, white, pink, yellow, and orange. The variegated
leaves are two to four inches in length.
The height will depend
on the species and the supporting structure. If left to grow, spread
can reach up to forty feet. Bougainvillea grow year round in USDA
hardiness zones 9B-11.
Care - Indoors
you live in a cold climate, you can grow Bougainvillea in
Containers can be sunk in the ground or stay above ground.
portable, and can be easily moved indoors during the cold months for
Tips for Overwintering
Store this climber in a cool location where it gets ample sunlight
(near a window in a garage or basement).
Water sparingly; keep soil slightly damp to keep roots from drying out.
– Should not be below freezing.
– When temperatures warm up in the spring,
it’s time to
bring your Bougainvillea out of winter storage. After a few weeks of
watering and fertilizing, new growth should start to appear.
Outdoor Bougainvillea Care
vines grow in warm, tropical climates, and add vibrant
outdoor landscapes and gardens. These climbers are a versatile tropical
They can be used displayed in a hanging basket, planted
in containers (making the easy to move indoors for overwintering), or
planted to climb fences, arbors, and pergolas.
to Grow Bougainvillea Flowers
can be planted year round in hardiness zones 9B-11. They thrive when
planted in rich, organic soil with good drainage. Be sure you choose a
location that receives full sun to light shade. Note: Be aware that
this is a thorny plant.
Steps for Planting
- Dig a hole 2-3 times the diameter of the root ball. Note:
The hole should be as deep as the root ball is tall.
remove the root ball from the container. If the plant is root-bound,
you can cut the plastic container for easy removal.
- Place the root ball in the hole – the base of the plant
should be level with the soil surrounding the hole.
- Fill in the hole with soil. Note: Water the plant during
the planting process to prevent air pockets.
Care and Maintenance
- Form a basin around the plant to hold water until it drains
down to the roots of the plant.
- Prune bougainvillea plants regularly to control growth and
encourage flower bract production.
- Place a 3-4 inch layer of mulch around the base of the
plant to conserve moisture and prevent weed infestation.
- Apply fertilizer once a month during growing season.
- Water frequently during warmer temperatures. During colder
months, water when the soil is dry.