Kaffir Lily Flower – Cluster of Trumpet-Shaped Blossoms
The Kaffir lily, also referred to as Clivia miniata and Fire Lily,
belongs to the the amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae) and is native to
Clusters of 10 – 15 trumpet-shaped flowers bloom above a thick, upright
stem. Shiny, dark-green strappy leaves are 2 in (5 cm) wide and can
reach about 18 in (45 cm) long.
The vibrant orange flowers appear mainly in early spring to summer;
however they can also sporadically at other times of the year. Hybrids
have broader leaves, thicker stems, and the flowers can be yellow in
miniata will thrive best in organic well-drained soil, at a
location where the bright
light is diffused. The minimum day temperature should be 70°F / 21°C;
at least 50°F / 10°C at night.
Plant the bulbs in the fall or spring - deep enough to almost bury the
white part of the stem. Cover the roots with a thin layer of soil.
Use a potting mix that drains well and that is composed of at least 50%
organic matter, such as peat moss or fir bark. Most potting mixes sold
at garden centers meet both requirements.
In the spring, fertilize with a water-soluble fertilizer every two
weeks for the next six weeks. The Fire lily’s growth peaks from early
spring through the fall.
While actively growing, water and fertilize regularly. Afterwards,
water sparingly. The soil should be slightly dry between deep
irrigation. The Kaffir lily can grow up to two feet tall.
Kaffir Lily Care
Kaffir lilies grow year round in sub-tropical and tropical locations
(USDA Hardiness Zones 9 – 10).
If you live in a cold climate, it can be grown indoors as a houseplant.
Clivia miniata grow best in bright light (little or no direct sun). You
can display your plant outdoors during the summer in a shady location.
Just remember to bring it back in before the first frost.
During the growing season, water Clivia miniata when the top inch of
the potting mix becomes dry to the touch (water should drain freely
from the hole in the bottom of the pot).
Do not allow soil to remain constantly wet – this can cause rot. Only
water the plant when the is dry to the touch (to approximately 1 inch
After your Fire Lily has bloomed usually from April to August),
fertilize it monthly with a water-soluble fertilizer (20-20-20) mixed
at 1/2 the recommended strength. Stop fertilizing by mid-September.
Cut flower stalks off at the base after the blooms have faded. This
will prevent the plant from expending energy on the production of
seeds. Remove any leaves that wither and turn brown.
Clivia miniata bloom best when root bound. As the plant grows, some of
the fleshy roots may push their way up above the soil – this is normal.
Repotting is necessary only every 3-5 years.
After the plant blooms, remove the lily from its pot and place it in a
new container that is 2 inches larger in diameter than the old one. Use
a potting medium that drains well, one that is composed of at least 50%
organic matter, such as peat moss or fir bark.
Most potting mixes sold at garden centers meet both requirements.
The Kaffir lily can be propagated from seed or by division. If
propagating by division, wait until after the plant has bloomed
(usually in late spring or in early summer). The offset should have at
last three or four leaves of its own.
Gently remove the offsets from the mother plant. Include some roots.
Plant the offset by itself in the pot.
When propagating from seed, plant in a blend of perlite and moist peat
moss. Preserve the moisture by covering the pot with a plastic bag and
securely tying with a rubber band.
Place in indirect sunlight, where the temperature is 50 - 59°F / 10 -
15°C. If necessary, use a fluorescent light. Germination will take
approximately one to three months.
The Kaffir lily blooms in early spring. In the fall or early winter,
give the plant a “rest” period. Keep the plant in a dry condition for
about six to eight weeks (at a temperature between 50 - 59°F / 10 -
You can move the plant outdoors for about one month before the first
frost, and then bring it back inside – keeping it in a cool room until
Water the plant only to keep the leaves from wilting. When you observe
a flower stem emerging, gradually increase the water. Move the
container to a location where you can keep the temperature to at least
50°F / 10°C at night and 70°F / 21°C during the day.
The spectacular trumpet-shaped flowers will bloom in March or April.