Bird of Paradise Plant: Exotic Elegance
Bird of Paradise plants add exotic elegance and dramatic color to
interior décor and outdoor landscapes.
The best known species of the bird of paradise plant is Strelitzia
Reginai. This plant is native to South Africa, and can be planted year
round in USDA zones 9 through 11.
The bird of paradise flower (also known as Crane Flower) can grow up to
five feet tall, with a spread of two to four feet wide.
Bird of paradise flowers resemble an exotic bird’s beak with a spray of
brilliant orange sepals and midnight blue petals as head plumage.
The exotic blooms emerge from the end of stiff stalks that grow in
clusters. The leaves (6” wide, 12-18” long) of the strelitzia reginae
are leathery, bluish-green in color, and oblong in shape.
of Paradise Care - Indoors
The bird of paradise plant is a popular choice for tropical flower
arrangements, bouquets, and centerpieces. The dramatic flower is
typically used as a focal point for indoor floral displays.
Tips for Bird
of Paradise Flower Arrangements
- Before arranging, re-cut flower stems and remove excess foliage.
- Place stems in a mix of warm water and floral preservative
a few hours prior to completing arrangement (or overnight).
- Arrangement should be placed in a location free of direct
sunlight, heating and air conditioning vents, and drafts.
- Remove any dying blooms and foliage, and water daily.
- Change water and re-cut stems every 4-5 days.
- Bird of paradise flowers are heavy – be sure to provide
extra support for stems if necessary.
Tips for Houseplant Care
The bird of paradise plant requires 5-6 hours of direct
sunlight and moderate humidity (60 %). Note: Curling leaves and
decreased blooms indicate insufficient light.
During warm months, expect plant to grow and flowers to bloom. Keep
soil moist and mist plant daily with distilled water. Fertilize every
During cool months, expect slow growth and minimal blooms. The bird of
paradise plant may even become dormant. Keep soil moist and mist 1-2
times a week with distilled water. Fertilize once a month.
If re-potted, this plant may not bloom again for 2-3 years.
of Paradise Care - Outdoors
The exotic bird of paradise plant is an evergreen perennial that grows
in warm, humid climates, and is ideal for outdoor landscapes. Their
exotic blooms add colorful elegance to landscape designs, and their
large, showy leaves do not drop from the plant, making care and
maintenance a breeze.
Tips for Planting, Care, and Maintenance
Strelitzia reginae can be planted year round in hardiness zones
9-11. This plant will thrive
when planted in rich, organic soil with good drainage. Be sure you
choose a location that receives direct sunlight to light shade.
Steps for Planting
- Dig a hole 2-3 times the diameter of the root ball. Note:
The hole should be as deep as the root ball is tall.
- Place the root ball in the hole – the top of the root ball
should be visible at the soil surface.
- Fill in the hole with soil. Note: Water the plant during
the planting process to prevent air pockets.
- Form a basin around the plant to hold water until it drains
down to the roots of the plant.
Care and Maintenance
- If you are planting more that one root ball, be sure to
space the plantings greater than six feet apart.
- Remove dead leaves and old flower stalks to keep plant
- Place a 3-4 inch layer of mulch around the base of the
plant to conserve moisture and prevent weed infestation.
- Apply a slow-release fertilizer every three months to full
- Water frequently during warmer temperatures. During colder
months, water when the soil is dry.